Click below for statistics on investments in research, innovation and skills. The main sources of information are Eurostat statistics on Science, Technology and Innovation (STI).



Business enterprise expenditure on R&D (BERD) covers activities carried out in the business sector by performing firms (regardless of the origin of funding).


Government Budget Appropriations or Outlays on R&D (GBAORD) indicates funds allocated to R&D in central government.



Total R&D personnel and researchers, in business enterprise sector by economic activity and sex

Graduations by field of education and sex following the International Standard Classification of Education 

to the European Patent Office (EPO)


to the European Patent Office (EPO) by IPC sections and by sector of economic activity