I

Reference categories

LEGEU LegislationECPEC Policy Documents
ECTEC Technical DocumentsORGInternational Organisations (excluding organisations dealing with standards)
AGEAgency Documents (e.g. EEA, US agencies reports and glossaries)STLScientific & Technical Literature
STAStandardsDICDictionaries
OWNBiomass Study own Definition(GLO)Glossary (subcategory only)

Idle land

ORG (GLO) - Is land that was cultivated but is now in a state of disuse; abandoned land; fallow land.

(OECD, Glossary of Statistical Terms, http://stats.oecd.org/glossary/, accessed 25 March 2015.)

 

AGE (GLO) - Arable land not under rotation that is set at rest for a period of time ranging from one to five years before it is cultivated again, or land usually under permanent crops, meadows or pastures, which is not being used for that purpose for a period of at least one year. Arable land which is normally used for the cultivation of temporary crops but which is temporarily used for grazing is included.

(EEA, European Environment Agency, Glossary: Environmental Terminology and Discovery Service (ETDS) http://glossary.eea.europa.eu//, accessed 19 March 2015.)

 

Impact assessment method [LCA]

ECP - Protocol for quantitative translation of the assessment inventory into contributions to an environmental impact of concern.

(EC, 2013a, Commission Recommendation of 9 April 2013 on the use of common methods to measure and communicate the life cycle environmental performance of products and organisations. OJ L124, 04.05.2013, pp. 1-210.)

 

Impact category [LCA]

ECP - Class of resource use or environmental impact to which the emission inventory data are related.

(EC, 2013a, Commission Recommendation of 9 April 2013 on the use of common methods to measure and communicate the life cycle environmental performance of products and organisations. OJ L124, 04.05.2013, pp. 1-210.)

 

STA - Class representing environmental issues of concern to which life cycle inventory analysis results may be assigned.

(ISO, 2006a, EN ISO 14040:2006: Environmental management – Life cycle assessment – Principles and frameworks. July 2006.)

 

Impact category indicator [LCA]

STA - Quantifiable representation of an impact category

- Note the shorter expression "category indicator" is used in this international standard for improved readability.

(ISO, 2006a, EN ISO 14040:2006: Environmental management – Life cycle assessment – Principles and frameworks. July 2006.) 

 

Indirect Land Use Change (ILUC)

ECP - Where pasture or agricultural land previously destined for the food, feed and fibre markets is diverted to biofuel production, the non-fuel demand will still need to be satisfied either through intensification of current production or by bringing non-agricultural land into production elsewhere. The latter case represents indirect land-use change and when it involves the conversion of high carbon stock land it can lead to significant greenhouse gas emissions.

(EC, 2012d, European Commission MEMO: Indirect Land Use Change (ILUC), Brussels, 17 October 2012 (Last update: 28-07-2015).)

 

Indirect Land Use Change Factors

ECP - Estimated land use change emissions that are taking place globally as a result of the crops being used for biofuels in the EU, rather than for food and feed.

(EC, 2012d, European Commission MEMO: Indirect Land Use Change (ILUC), Brussels, 17 October 2012 (Last update: 28-07-2015).)

 

Industrial Biotechnology

ORG - [Industrial biotechnology is] the application of biotechnology to the eco-efficient production and processing of chemicals, materials and bioenergy.

(OECD, 2011, Future Prospects for Industrial Biotechnology)

 

AGE - The manufacture of liquid fuels and chemical products using enzymes, micro-organisms, fermentation, or biocatalysis at any stage of production, regardless of the type of raw materials used. In this case, the raw materials can be biomass, fossil fuel-based, or inorganic substances.

(USITC, 2008, Industrial Biotechnology: Development and Adoption by the U.S. Chemical and Biofuels Industry. United States Industry and Trade Commission, July 2008.)

 

STL - Industrial biotechnology - also known as white biotechnology - uses enzymes and micro-organisms to make biobased products in sectors as diverse as chemicals, food and feed, detergents, paper and pulp, textiles and bioenergy.

(KET, 2011, High-Level Group on Key Enabling Technologies 2011: KET Industrial Biotechnology, Working Group Report, the Sherpa Group and other stakeholders June 2010.)

 

Industrial crops

LEG - Crops that are normally not sold directly for consumption because they need to be industrially processed prior to final use. Examples: Tobacco, hops, cotton, rape, turning rape, soya, linseed, flax, hemps, etc.

(EU, 2009b, Regulation (EC) No 1200/2009 of 30 November 2009 implementing Regulation (EC) No 1166/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council on farm structure surveys and the survey on agricultural production methods, as regards livestock unit coefficients and definitions of the characteristics, OJ L329, 15.12.2009, pp. 1-28.)

 

Inocula [ALG]

STL - Addition of microorganisms to a bioreactor to start the growth phase.

(Darzins, A., Pienkos, P. and Edye, L., 2010, Current status and potential for algal biofuels production. A report to IEA Bioenergy Task 39, Report T39-T2, August 2010.)

 

Input [LCA]

ECP STA - Product, material or energy flow that enters a unit process. Products and materials include raw materials, intermediate products and co-products.

(EC, 2013a, Commission Recommendation of 9 April 2013 on the use of common methods to measure and communicate the life cycle environmental performance of products and organisations. OJ L124, 04.05.2013, pp. 1-210.);

(ISO, 2006a, EN ISO 14040:2006: Environmental management – Life cycle assessment – Principles and frameworks. July 2006.)

 

Integrated aquaculture

ORG (GLO) - Aquaculture system sharing resources, water, feeds, management, etc., with other activities; commonly agricultural, agro-industrial, infrastructural (wastewaters, power stations, etc.).

(FAOa, Glossary of Aquaculture, http://www.fao.org/fi/glossary/aquaculture/default.asp, accessed 23 September 2015.)

 

Intermediate flow [LCA]

STA - Product, material or energy flow occurring between unit processes of the product system being studied.

(ISO, 2006a, EN ISO 14040:2006: Environmental management – Life cycle assessment – Principles and frameworks. July 2006.)

 

Intermediate product [LCA]

STA - Output from a unit process that is input to other unit processes that require further transformation within the system.

(ISO, 2006a, EN ISO 14040:2006: Environmental management – Life cycle assessment – Principles and frameworks. July 2006.;

ISO, 2006b, ISO, 2006b. EN ISO 14044:2006: Environmental management – Life cycle assessment – Requirements and guidelines. July 2006)

 

Ionising radiation [LCA] [human health]

ECP - Impact category that accounts for the adverse health effects on human health caused by radioactive releases.

(EC, 2013a, Commission Recommendation of 9 April 2013 on the use of common methods to measure and communicate the life cycle environmental performance of products and organisations. OJ L124, 04.05.2013, pp. 1-210.