1. What is the Bioeconomy?

The European Commission has defined bioeconomy as the production of biomass and the conversion of biomass into value added products, such as food, feed, bio-based products and bioenergy. It includes the sectors of agriculture, forestry, fisheries, food and pulp and paper production, as well as parts of chemical, biotechnological and energy industries.


2. What is the Bioeconomy Strategy?

In February 2012 the European Commission presented its strategy and action plan for a sustainable bioeconomy in Europe, called “Innovating for Sustainable Growth: a Bioeconomy for Europe” (COM(2012)60), in short the European Bioeconomy Strategy.


3. What is meant with three pillars in the Bioeconomy Strategy?

The European Bioeconomy Strategy and Action Plan are structured around three key pillars.

1) Investing in research, innovation and skills (research pillar)

2) Market development and enhanced competitiveness of bioeconomy sectors (market pillar)

3) Stronger policy coordination and engagement with stakeholders (policy pillar)


4. What is the Bioeconomy Observatory?

The Bioeconomy Observatory is part of the European Bioeconomy Strategy and Action Plan in which Action No6 plans to establish a Bioeconomy Observatory that allows the Commission to regularly assess the progress and impact of the bioeconomy.


5. What is the objective of the Bioeconomy Observatory?

The mission of the Bioeconomy Observatory is to supply policy-makers and stakeholders with reference data and analyses on the bioeconomy, providing a solid basis for policy development and decision-making on the bioeconomy.


6. What is the Bioeconomy Observatory doing?

The main activities of the Bioeconomy Observatory are data collection, data analyses and data dissemination through the Bioeconomy Observatory website. First activities in 2014 focused on data collection and data dissemination. Data analyses will be developed as of 2015.


7. When is the Bioeconomy Observatory going to be in place?

In March 2013, the European Commission Joint Research Centre launched a three-year project to set-up the EU Bioeconomy Observatory so that the Observatory is fully operational early 2016. The first version of the Bioeconomy Observatory website launched in October 2014 contains a first of data and analyses that will be regularly updated.


8. What can I find in the Bioeconomy Observatory?

The Bioeconomy Observatory provides both quantitative data and qualitative information on the bioeconomy including: - Statistics on research, innovation and skills - Policy mapping at EU, national, regional level - Economic market data and analyses - Biomass supply and demand - Environmental assessment - Bioeconomy country profiles


9. Which sources of information is the Bioeconomy Observatory using?

The Bioeconomy Observatory is using as much as official statistics available from existing statistical databases like for instance Eurostat (Science, technology and innovation (STI) statistics or Structural business statistics (SBS)). When need be, alternative sources of information, like authorities or industry may be used.


10. Which sectors is the Bioeconomy Observatory monitoring?

The Bioeconomy Observatory will collect data and information on all sectors included in the European definition of bioeconomy including: - Biomass supply (Agriculture; Forestry; Marine/Fisheries; Waste) - Biomass demand in 100% bio-based industrial sectors (Food/Feed; Paper; Wood…) - Biomass demand in hybrid industrial sectors (Chemical, Energy…)


11. Which countries is the Bioeconomy Observatory monitoring?

The primary focus of the Bioeconomy Observatory monitoring activities will be Europe. Most of the data will be collected both at European Union (EU) level and at national EU-28 Member States level. Additional data and information will also be collected at regional and international level.


12. How can I contact the Bioeconomy Observatory?

Through the Bioeconomy Observatory website it is possible for stakeholders:

- to send comments on the Bioeconomy Observatory (feedback form

- to provide data and information to the Bioeconomy Observatory (upload form available via the stakeholders page).