Analysis

Further to data collection by the Bioeconomy Observatory, analytical reports related to progress and impact of the bioeconomy will be produced.

A first set of existing JRC reports is made available, including a first set of JRC environmental assessment fact-sheets.

 

Environmental assessment fact sheets

This document provides an overview of the structure and content of the product and process environmental factsheets available on the Bioeconomy Observatory web pages. These factsheets are divided into three groups that reflect the three pillars of the bioeconomy: (1) food & feed, (2) industrial ...
Progress Workshop - October 2015
The BISO environmental sustainability assessment progress workshop was co-organised at own initiative by the JRC-IES Unit JRC.H.08 “Sustainability Assessment” and Imperial College – London (The UK) . It aimed at presenting and discussing with both EC and non-EC stakeholders the ...
The workshop, which was organised by the JRC-IES at own initiative in cooperation with Imperial College – London (the United Kingdom), aimed at presenting and discussing with selected key stakeholders: - The proposed methodology for environmental sustainability assessment of bioeconomy chains ...
JRC Workshop on Biomass Resource Efficiency  - October 2013
The aim of this expert workshop was to set the scene for biomass resource efficiency in terms of definitions for biomass and standardisation for biobased products; capacities in market volumes, policy research and JRC modelling capabilities in the field of assessing various environmental impacts. ...
The objective of this summary document is to give an overview, based on the available and accessible scientific literature and databases, of the potential environmental benefits or disadvantages of moving from fossil products to their bio-based alternatives. The bulk ofpublications, which compare ...
Amongst the three main groups of bioeconomy products – food and feed, bio-products, bioenergy and biofuels, only the last one (bioenergy and biofuels) has been subject of thorough life cycle-based environmental assessments over the last couple of decades. ...
Natural rubber is manly harvested (rubber tapping) from the rubber tree Hevea brasiliensis in the form of latex, which is a white emulsion. Other tree species can also be sources of latex but its applicability is not as straightforward as the one extracted from Hevea brasiliensis.
Anaerobic digestion is a biochemical pathway able to convert almost all sources of biomass (including wet materials such as organic wastes and animal manure) to a highly energetic energy carrier referred as biogas.
Combined Heat and Power (CHP), or co-generation, is the simultaneous conversion of primary energy into electrical energy and useful heat.
Pulp wood is a fibrous material used in a high variety of applications from paper and paperboard production (main applications) to construction materials and also more refined applications such as cellulose derivatives and nanocrystalline cellulose. Paper is a versatile material produced from pulp.
The tomato is the fruit of solanum lycopersicum. It is cultivated worldwide and represents a common vegetable in most world’s cuisines. Tomatoes are consumed either fresh or processed. Tomatoes represent the world 8th most valuable agricultural product and they are grown across all EU ...
Biomass is a feasible feedstock for large scale heat generation. It can be used for space and water heating in commercial applications, as process heat in industrial applications (i.e. manufacturing, agriculture and other industries) or for district heating in the form of hot water/steam
Domestic heating is the most classic energy application of biomass and the technologies are well known and established.
In the electricity sector, biomass is commonly used for power generation mostly in direct-fired combustion plants that use exclusively biomass as fuel (see electricity generation via combustion factsheet). However, co-fired power plants that mix biomass with coal or natural gas are becoming a more ...
In the electricity sector, biomass is commonly used for power generation. Most of today’s plants are direct-fired facilities that combust biomass exclusively. Other option is co-fired power plants that mix biomass with coal or natural gas (see electricity generation via co-combustion ...
Sugar for use in food corresponds mainly to crystalized white sugar (composed of sucrose, a disaccharide of glucose and fructose). It is extracted from the stem of sugar cane or the root of sugar beet through a refining process.
Amino acids are essential compounds for life metabolic processes, containing an amine and a carboxyl acid chemical functional group. Industrially produced amino acids are widely used in animal feed and human nutrition, because they are building blocks for the production of proteins or important ...
Adipic acid is a carboxylic acid COOH(CH2)4COOH manufactured in high volumes mostly for the production of nylon-6,6 fibers. It is also used in the production of polyurethanes, resins, plasticizers, adhesives, lubricants and in food and pharmaceutical industries.
Succinic acid (COOH(CH2)2COOH) is a carboxylic acid used in food (as an acidulant), pharmaceutical (as an excipient), personal care (soaps) and chemical (pesticides, dyes and lacquers) industries.
ENVIRONMENTAL FACTSHEET: WINE
Wine is an alcoholic beverage produced from the fermentation of grapes. Wine is produced across most European countries and the cultivation of grape and wine making process represents a major economic activity.
ENVIRONMENTAL FACTSHEET: MILK
Milk is a liquid agricultural product extracted from mammals (primarily from cows and to a lower extent buffalo, goat and sheep in Europe) as a result of dairy activities. Milk is a waterbased emulsion of lipids (2.5-6%), carbohydrates (3.6-5.5%), proteins (2.9-5.0%) and minerals.
Eggs are agricultural products produced by the females of birds (eggs from reptiles, fish and amphibians are not considered here), primarily from chickens and to a lower extent quails and ducks in Europe.
 ENVIRONMENTAL FACTSHEET: ACETIC ACID
Acetic acid (CH3COOH) is a carboxylic acid with applications in both chemical and food industries. It is largely used as feedstock for the production of vinyl acetate (a monomer used in the manufacture of the polymer polyvinyl acetate) and other esters (commonly used in inks and paintings), and as ...
Lactic acid is a hydroxycarboxylic acid CH3CH(OH)COOH with two stereoisomers (D(-) and L(+)) and it has several applications in food, chemical, pharmaceutical and health care industries. It is primarily used for food and pharmaceutical applications, preferentially the L(+) isomer, since it is the ...
Glycerol is a chemical compound with three hydroxyl groups. It is widely used in pharmaceutical, health care and food industries and it is a by-product of the biodiesel (see biodiesel via transesterification factsheet1) production. It can be produced through chemical syntheses from propylene. ...
1,3-propanediol (1,3-PDO) is a bifunctional organic compound with chemical formula OHCH2CH2CH2OH. 1,3-PDO is a building block chemical that can be used in the preparation of the bio-based polymer polytrimethylene and in the production of adhesives, paints, resins and coatings.
Transesterification (also called alcoholysis) is the reaction, normally catalized, of a fat or oil with an alcohol to form fatty acid esters (known as FAME when the alcohol is methanol) and glycerol...
Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are biobased, biodegradable and biocompatible polymers. Up to now there are 150 different monomer compositions known for PHAs (such as: polyhydroxybutyrate PHB and polyhydroxyvalerate PHV), resulting in a high variety of properties and applications. PHAs can replace ...
Wheat (Triticum spp) is the world third most produced cereal (651 million tons worldwide in 2010). It is a major staple food worldwide as well as a source of animal feed (42% of wheat production was used as feed in 2007 (EU27)).
Polylactic Acid (PLA) is a biodegradable and biocompatible thermoplastic. It is used for the production of packaging, plastic films, bottles and fibres, and in medical applications. PLA is produced from the chiral compound Lactic Acid (see lactic acid factsheet1). It can be synthesised in three ...
Fermentation is a biochemical pathway that permits the production of bioalcohols from a wide range of biomass materials.

JRC Scientific and Technical Reports

A global view of bio-based industries
The workshop entitled ‘A global view of bio-based industries: benchmarking and monitoring their economic importance and future developments’, organised in the framework of the EU–Brazil Sector Dialogues, brought together relevant experts from the EU, the USA, Canada and Brazil, to ...
The general scope of this research is to set the basis for an integrated assessment tool which uses spatially explicit data to support regionalized LCA of bio-economy value chains. The main objective of the tool is to provide the basis for an extended sustainability assessment of the alternative ...
Environmental Sustainability Assessment of Bioeconomy Products and Processes – Progress Report 2
This document provides an overview of the structure and content of the product and process environmental factsheets available on the Bioeconomy Observatory web pages. These factsheets are divided into three groups that reflect the three pillars of the bioeconomy: (1) food & feed, (2) industrial ...
This document provides an overview of the structure and content of the product and process environmental factsheets available on the Bioeconomy Observatory web pages. These factsheets are divided into three groups that reflect the three pillars of the bioeconomy: (1) food & feed, (2) industrial ...
Employing a state-of-the-art multi-region market simulation model and database, the aim of this research is to further build on existing research which has attempted to tackle some of these questions at a global scale (von Lampe et al., 2014), in three ways. Firstly, it complements the broader ...
Obtaining regular analysis and data is fundamental for policy makers and stakeholders to monitor the development of an economic sector and make the necessary decisions to maximise the benefits it generates, be they of economic, social or environmental nature. The industrial use of biomass feedstock ...
JRC BIOMASS - Mandate
The European Union uses biomass to meet its needs for food and feed, energy, and materials. The demand for and supply of biomass have economic, environmental and social impacts. Understanding biomass supply, demand, costs and their associated impacts is particularly important for relevant EU policy ...
This document contains the technical description of the work to be carried out by JRC, as foreseen in the Mandate on the provision of data and analysis on biomass agreed by the Steering Committee.
drivers of the bioeconomy in europe towards 2030
Short overview of an exploratory, model-based assessment. Over the last years the bioeconomy sector has been growing, although at a slower rate than expected and hoped for. With a time horizon towards 2030, we use a forward-looking tool to analyse the potential of the bioeconomy to contribute to ...
Facts and figures on biomass, turnover and employment. The bioeconomy is the production of biomass and the conversion of biomass into value added products, such as food, feed, bio-based products and bioenergy.
The bioeconomy observatory (BISO) aims at compiling qualitative and quantitative data of relevance for the monitorimg of the bioeconomy. Considering that biomass is the raw material of the bioeconomy, JRC-IPTS together with the Nova- Institute has elaborated in the BISO framework a new database ...
The report aims to present a comprehensive analysis of current and expected deployment up to 2020 of bioenergy in 16 countries of Danube region: nine European Member States ( Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Slovakia and Slovenia) and seven non-European countries ( ...
The present document is a methodology report that aims to specify the type of data and information on bioeconomy that the Bioeconomy Observatory will collect, as well as the sources of information to be used.
The concept of 'bioeconomy' is gathering momentum in European Union (EU) policy circles as a sustainable model of growth to reconcile the goals of continued wealth generation and employment with bio-based sustainable resource usage. Unfortunately, an economy-wide quantitative assessment ...
The study “New Plant Breeding Techniques: State-of-the-Art and Prospects for Commercial Development” was carried out in 2010, responding to an initial request from the Directorate General for the Environment (DG ENV) of the European Commission, to provide information on the state of ...
In response to the need for further clarifications concerning the emerging concept of the "bio-economy", the present study scrutinizes this concept in order to better delineate its analytical scope. ...
The Institute for Prospective Technological Research (IPTS) of the Commission’s Joint Research Centre (JRC) was requested to review for policy makers the main findings of scientists who are active worldwide in the field of socio-economic assessment (SEA). In order to fulfil this task, an ...
This report contains a summary of the discussions and the presentations of the 'Commodity Market Development in Europe – Outlook' workshop, jointly organised by the European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC), Institute for Prospective and Technological Studies (IPTS) and ...
The European Union has adopted recently an ambitious strategy for developing the Bioeconomy in Europe. The bioeconomy is based on the innovative use of sustainable biological resources to cover the growing demand of the food, energy and industrial sectors. In this context, algae represents an ...
The JRC organised a workshop on “Wheat productivity in the EU: determinants and challenges for food security and for climate change” in Seville on 22nd and 23rd November 2012. In this JRC Scientific and Policy Reports the main conclusions of the meeting are evidenced. ...
In 2012, the European Commission (EC) launched the Bioeconomy Strategy and Action Plan with the objective of establishing a resource efficient and competitive society that reconciles food security with the sustainable use of renewable resources. This report contributes to the plan by evaluating the ...
The present final report provides a summary of the study results as well as additional background information. Beyond its primary objective, we hope it will be used by all relevant stakeholders to trigger and inform further discussions on our future food system.
The purpose of the “Workshop on Nanotechnology for the agricultural sector: from research to the field”, held at JRC-IPTS (Seville) on 21st and 22nd November 2013, was to review the state-of-the-art of R&D of nanotechnology for the agricultural sector and to analyse possible markets ...
The development of the biofuel market is highly uncertain, especially in the European Union (EU). This report aims to analyse different scenarios that could occur in the EU in the years to come.
This Reference Report presents a pan-European perspective on the state of soil in Europe in light of available data held within hte European Soil Data Centre (ESDAC) and the research activities within the JRC.
This report is the outcome of the workshop on the "Global commercial pipeline of new GM crops" organised by the Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS) on 12-13 November 2008. The workshop gathered international experts and practitioners involved in the development, ...
This report presents a comprehensive evaluation of the applications of modern biotechnology and their contribution to the EU's chief policy goals. ...